Quantum Cryptography with Structured Photons

With the advent of quantum computers, today’s RSA secured information is at a high risk of being decrypted. Quantum cryptographic protocols, which are unconditionally secure by the laws of quantum mechanics, provide a promising method to maintain the security of information for the foreseeable future. On this front, there have been global efforts for the realization of quantum key distribution in real-world conditions – from commercially available fiber-based systems to satellite-to-ground quantum links. Our research team is working on creating new protocols, which can transmit many bits per carrier using structured photons, and testing them through our free-space links across the city of Ottawa. We have previously demonstrated the feasibility of using structured photons for quantum cryptography in a small 300m test link between two buildings on the University of Ottawa campus. We are currently constructing a 5.4km link between the University of Ottawa and National Research Council of Canada.

Related publication
  1. High-Dimensional intra-city quantum cryptography with structured photonsOptica 4, 1006 (2017).
  2. High-dimensional quantum cloning and applications to quantum hackingScience Advances 3, e1601915  (2017).
  3. Generalized optical angular momentum sorter and its application to high-dimensional quantum cryptographyOptics Express 25, 19832 (2017).

 Novel liquid crystal devices for generating arbitrary wavefront shaping

beam shapingIn the last decade, photonic spin-to-orbit coupling via the use of an inhomogeneous and anisotropic layer of nematic liquid crystals has been shown to be a compact and efficient method for beam shaping due to its simultaneous influence on a beam’s phase and polarization profiles. Due to their enhanced performance, devices relying on optical pin-to-orbit coupling, such as q-plate, have found extensive applications in fields such as quantum information and microscopy. Our research team aims to take full advantage of this technique to design novel liquid crystal-based devices with the ability to generate a variety of optical beams, create custom singular optical structures, and act as intensity masks. We have demonstrated our ability to arbitrarily modify optical wavefront by generating a wide variety of beams such as vortex, high OAM, Ince-Gauss, Bessel, and Airy beams which have potential applications in quantum communications, super dense coding, and optical trapping.

Related publication
  1. Generalized optical angular momentum sorter and its application to high-dimensional quantum cryptography, Optics Express 25, 19832 (2017).
  2. Arbitrary optical wavefront shaping via spin-to-orbit coupling, Journal of Optics 18, 124002 (2016)

 Novel devices for generation of optical orbital angular momentum

oamdevicesOptical orbital angular momentum (OAM) associated with light beams possessing a helical phase-front finds various applications in numerous research areas such as imaging systems, optical tweezers, quantum information and quantum communication. Our research team is interested in design and fabrication of novel optical devices suitable for manipulation of  optical OAM in the classical and quantum regime. We have invented, designed and characterized an achromatic orbital angular momentum generator that may find applications in imaging techniques from micro- to astronomical systems. We also invented one of the most ultra-thin spin-to-orbit angular momentum converter working under the principle of plasmonic resonances suitable for applications in quantum communications, quantum computations, and nanoscale sensing.

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Structured Matter Waves

helixThe quantum mechanical principle of wave-particle duality is not limited to light and its constituent photons. Indeed, matter can also be made to exhibit wavelike behaviour, as dramatically demonstrated by numerous experiments in diffractive electron optics. Remarkably, the wavelike properties of matter suggest that the very same techniques used to structure beams of light can be applied to shaping matter waves. The SQO group is particularly interested in investigating the unique properties of structured electron waves. Apart from showing tremendous potential for a host of applications in electron microscopy and nano-fabrication, structured electron waves can allow us to observe otherwise inaccessible physical effects, putting a range of exciting and fundamental phenomena within our reach, to be studied as never before.

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